Women’s Suffrage, the right of women to vote and stand office, was an important political issue in the late 19th century in many places and in many countries granted before Universal Suffrage, the right to vote independent or race, sex, status, belief, wealth or social status.

One hundred years ago (June 1912) Emily Davison ran in front of the king’s horse at the Epsom Derby race, carrying two suffrage flags – suffering fatal injuries and becoming a suffragette martyr, and raising the profile of the campaign.

New Zealand was the first country to give women the vote in modern times in 1893 after two decades of campaigning by women such as Kate Sheppard (see picture).

In the US beginning in the mid 19th century several generations of women marched, protested, wrote, lectured, lobbied, picketed and practiced other forms of civil disobedience until the 19th Amendment was ratified on Aug 18 1920 guaranteeing all American women the right to vote.

Women in the Canton of Appenzell in Switzerland had to wait until 1990 to be allowed to vote, after the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland forced the change.